Preventing Falls

Are you worried about a loved one falling? Are you worried about yourself falling?

A physical therapist is trained to identify a person at risk for falls and create a plane of care to decrease that risk. Falls can unfortunately result in a fatal injury.
According to the Center for Disease Control’s statistics:
One out of five falls causes a serious injury such as broken bones or a head injury
Every 11 seconds, an older adult is treated in the emergency room for a fall; every 19 minutes, an older adult dies from a fall
One in four Americans aged 65+ falls each year
Falls result in more than 2.8 million injuries treated in emergency departments annually, including over 800,000 hospitalizations and more than 27,000 deaths.

Common causes of falls include: muscular weakness, deficient diet, medications, diabetic neuropathy, cluttered rooms, area rugs, pets, visual disturbances

Perform test below on yourself or on a loved one quickly to identify the potential for falls due to muscular weakness of legs. Please share the results with your physical therapist.

Instructions:
1. Sit in the middle of the 17 inch chair against the wall.

2. Place each hand on the opposite shoulder crossed at the wrists.

3. Place your feet flat on the floor.

4. Keep your back straight and keep your arms against your chest.

5. On “Go”, rise to a full standing position and then sit back down again.

6. Repeat this for 30 seconds.
(On “Go” begin timing. Record the result and compare to the normal value for age your appropriate age range.)

Scores less than 8 (unassisted) stands were associated with lower levels of functional ability

Age Men: number of stands Women: number of stands
60 – 64 14 – 19 12 – 17
65 – 79 12 – 18 11 – 16
70 – 74 12 – 17 10 -15
75 – 79 11 – 17 10 – 15
80 – 84 10 – 15 9 – 14
85 – 89 8 – 14 8 – 13
90 – 95 7 – 12 4 – 11

#GetPT1st

Adam Jones PT, DPT
28632 Dupont Blvd.
MILLSBORO, DE
P: 302.934.0304
F: 302.934.0306

“Important Facts about Falls.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 10 Feb. 2017, www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/falls/adultfalls.html.

“30 Sec Chair Stand Test.” Univ. of missouri, Geriatric Tool Kit, 10, Feb. 2017,
www.geriatrictoolkit.missouri.edu/